Latinos comprise about 15% of the overall U.S. population, and accounted for half of all U.S. population growth between 2000 and 2007 (Bernstein & Edwards, 2008). The U.S. Census Bureau predicts that, by 2050, nearly one of every three Americans will be of Latino descent (Bernstein & Edwards, 2008). The National Household Surveys on Substance Abuse have revealed that Latino illicit drug use rates https://boulangerie-labaguette.de/2020/03/20/whats-really-happening-with-guatemalan-girls/ have increased steadily since 2002 [Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration , 2008]. Moreover, compared to other U.S. ethnic groups, Latinos experience disproportionately negative consequences of substance abuse, such as intimate partner violence, incarceration, homelessness, HIV/AIDS, and other medical consequences (Amaro, Arévalo, Gonzalez, Szapocznik, & Iguchi, 2006).
This has been explained by the tendency for Hispanic women to continue breastfeeding for a longer amount of time. Latinx gives people a way to avoid choosing a gender for a group or an unknown individual, much like using singular “they” avoids the choice between “he” or “she” in English. Both are gaining steam in a time when America is rethinking gender and whatever boundaries might come with it. Katy Steinmetz is a TIME correspondent in San Francisco covering tech, politics, culture, language . Yes, the United States has come a long way since the days when women could not legally vote and were barred from legitimate employment – but the reminder of this wage gap demonstrates that our lawmakers still have much to do to ensure equality for all women in America.
After the conquest of the Aztec empire, the Spanish re-administered the land and expanded their own empire beyond the former boundaries of the Aztec, adding more territory to the Mexican sphere of influence which remained under the Spanish Crown for 300 years. Cultural diffusion and intermixing among the Amerindian populations with the European created the modern Mexican identity which is a mixture of regional indigenous and European cultures that evolved into a national culture during the Spanish period. This new identity was defined as «Mexican» shortly after the Mexican War of Independence and was more invigorated and developed after the Mexican Revolution when the Constitution of 1917 officially established Mexico as an indivisible pluricultural nation founded on its indigenous roots. For a specific analysis of the population of Mexico, see Demographics of Mexico.
I say creatures because it’s almost an animalistic instinct to share the charm. You walk into a Latino family party and you’re sure to get a dozen hugs and kisses on the cheek. But take it from the girl who went to UCLA and would always be told “yeah, but you don’t count as Mexican” , that people perceive Latinos to be professionally challenged. Cultural limitations include getting married too young, having children out of wedlock, and having parents that don’t want them to leave their hometown.
In terms of extending health coverage, Hispanics benefited the most among U.S. ethnic groups from the Affordable Care Act ; among non-elderly Hispanics, the uninsured rate declined from 26.7% in 2013 to 14.2% in 2017. Among the population of non-elderly uninsured Hispanic population in 2017, about 53% were non-citizens, about 39% were U.S.-born citizens, and about 9% were naturalized citizens. (The ACA does not help undocumented immigrants or legal immigrants with less than five years’ residence in the United States gain coverage). As of 2016, life expectancy for Hispanic and Latino Americans is 81.8 years, which is higher than the life expectancy for non-Hispanic whites (78.6 years).
The Latina Center mission is to improve the quality of life and health of the Latino community by providing leadership and personal development opportunities for all Latinos. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Civilian labor force participation rate, by age, sex, race, and ethnicity” (U.S. Department of Labor, 2017). None of these policy interventions is a silver bullet on its own, but together they would support greater economic opportunity for Latina workers and all other workers. As the wage decomposition in this brief demonstrates, the wage gap for Hispanic women is primarily caused by unexplained discrimination, followed by workplace segregation and restricted access to educational opportunities.
The event also aims to provide important resources — from information on the U.S. census to mental health experts that can help Latina mothers talk with their children about topics such as school violence and immigration. “Women might be making something at home but they aren’t thinking about a small business, so we provide resources.
Here too, however, we find that even within the same occupations, Latinas fare worse. Lastly, it is important to strengthen workplace protections, like equal pay for equal work provisions, so that those women who do have the same education, the same occupation and are equally qualified in the workplace are not paid less or driven away from moving up to these higher paid positions. Since Hispanic women continue to be over-represented in low-wage jobs, policies that lift wages at the bottom will have a significant impact on their wages.
Mora and Dávila also find significant differences based on the generation of immigration. The wage gap between second-generation Hispanic workers and second-generation white workers is narrower than the gap between first-generation Hispanic and white workers.5 But beyond this drop from the first to the second generation, the gap doesn’t narrow further for later generations.
Maria Amparo Ruiz de Burton was the first Mexican immigrant to write a novel in English. Her literary works gave Latina women in the United States a new voice by delving into race, gender, and class of the times. This set the tone for many Latino and Latina immigrants to create works in American society. In Florida, Maria Jose Fletcher is the founder and co-director of VIDA Legal Assistance, a not-for-profit legal organization whose purpose is to provide legal support for the immigrant women who have been victims of violent crimes. This organization acknowledges and aims to solve the issue of fear of deportation that plagues the Latina community and makes it fearful of reporting such crimes.
- By having such a wide, diverse audience, she left her mark on America’s pop culture as a female Cuban immigrant.
- Celia Cruz, born in Havana, Cuba, was famous for her Cuban-inspired salsa music and many Latin and American Grammy’s.
- She received a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009, which emphasizes her success in her artistic fields and connection to life experiences.
- Another Cuban immigrant, Ana Mendieta, created sculptures, performances, and many other art mediums that focused on themes of women, life experiences, and earth.
- Not only was she famous for her vocals, but she made many Hollywood appearances, resulting in a star on Hollywood’s Walk of Fame.
An additional methodological limitation was that our comparison intervention also focused on HIV, rather than serving as a true placebo to guard against Hawthorne effects. Thus, future HIV prevention trials would benefit from inclusion of a time-equivalent comparison condition that focuses on a topic other than HIV prevention but addresses a relevant and important health issue for Latina women. We relied on self-report data, had a relatively short follow-up, were unable to assess condom use by partner type, and lacked objective and quantifiable biological outcomes, such as incident sexually transmitted infections, to assess intervention efficacy. Future trials of HIV interventions conducted with ethnically diverse samples of Latina women would benefit by addressing these limitations. The Latina health educators implemented the AMIGAS curriculum with remarkable fidelity.
In Their Own Words: What Does Latinx Mean To Hispanics?
Currently, there are limited resources for Latina immigrants in the United States. As explained in Motivations of Immigration, many women come to the United States for a better education, among other factors. The Institute for Women’s Policy Research explains the workings of organizations aimed to support the struggles of Latina immigrants.
In U.S. communities of immigrants from these countries it is common to hear these styles. Rock en Español, Latin hip-hop, Salsa, Merengue, Bachata, Cumbia and Reggaeton styles tend to appeal to the broader Hispanic population, and varieties of Cuban music are popular with many Hispanics of all backgrounds. Folk and popular dance and music also varies greatly among Hispanics.
A single trained Latina health educator delivered the general health intervention in Spanish to the women who were randomized to the comparison group. The single-session, 2.5-hour interactive group interventions also took place on Thursday evenings, with an average of 7 to 8 women. Comparison participants viewed a video in Spanish that provided basic HIV information.
Furthermore, a lack of culturally tailored substance abuse interventions often lead Latino clients to perceive culturally insensitive barriers to treatment delivery (Gil & Vega, 2001), and to drop out of drug abuse treatment in greater numbers than individuals from other ethnic groups (Hser, Huang, Teruya, & Anglin, 2004). The substance use problems experienced by Latinos therefore often go untreated. Thus, social work practitioners and researchers are encouraged to better understand the treatment needs of Latinos in the U.S. (Alvarez, Jason, Olson, Ferrari, & Davis, 2007). We also appreciate all the support from the Latina women in the program.
Major cities include Lima, home to over 9.5 million people, Arequipa, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Piura, Iquitos, Huancayo, Cusco and Pucallpa, all of which reported more than 250,000 inhabitants.The largest expatriate Peruvian communities are in the United States , South America , Europe , Japan, Australia and Canada. Hispanic or Latino» refers to a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. On the other side of the ocean, Hispanic America is also home to a wide variety of music, even though Latin music is often erroneously thought of, as a single genre.
The Latin gentile adjectives that belong to Hispania are Hispanus, Hispanicus, and Hispaniensis. A Hispanus is someone who is a native of Hispania with no foreign parents, while children born in Hispania of Roman parents were Hispanienses.